Blackheads can be caused by clogged pores. ThamKC/Shutterstock
Blackheads are caused by bacteria and can cause clogging of your pores.
These are technically classified as a type acne. However, with the right treatments you can eliminate them permanently.
Blackhead removal can be achieved by proper exfoliation, or a visit to the dermatologist.
Blackheads, those tiny dark spots, are almost impossible to remove. They often appear in the middle of your face, particularly on the nose.
Insider spoke to a dermatologist about the causes of these blackheads and how to eliminate them.
Oil buildup is likely to cause the blackheads you see on your nose.
Papri Sarkar, a Massachusetts-based dermatologist explained to Insider that blackheads, also known as comedones, are actually a form of acne.
She explained that they are clogged pores and hair follicles which collect sebum (the natural oils that our glands make on our faces), dirt, skin cells and bacteria. Because the nose is full of glands, they are more likely to form there.
Sarkar pointed out that not all black spots on the nose are blackheads. There might also be sebaceous filaments.
Insider explained that sebaceous filaments can be found in the lining of your pores. They help sebum escape from the pore and lubricate your skin. Sebaceous filaments may become visible if they are filled with oils or fats. They are more straight-linear and easier to extract that blackheads.
Blackheads, however, are hard to remove at home as they're under the skin.
Sarkar stated that blackheads can't be scrubbed away or washed off because they are hardened and trapped in pores. They often need to be extracted.
Even if they are extracted, they may still come back as your nose with all its glands will continue to expel oil.
Sarkar stated that it is possible to remove blackheads but patience will be required.
Blackheads can be treated with certain products such as acids and retinoids. YAKOBCHUK VIACHESLAV/Shutterstock
She said that if you have blackheads real, it is important to keep your pores clear. The easiest way to achieve this is to wash your face at least once per day, especially if it's sweaty.
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Clearing clogged pores can be done by exfoliating. A dermatologist suggested using either a chemical or physical exfoliant, such as a washcloth.
She highlighted the importance of chemical exfoliants such as glycolic acid and salicylic acid. They are vitamin A derivatives that cause cell turnover (or exfoliate), so it's less likely you'll get dead skin cells clogging up your pores.
Sarkar said that benzoyl peroxide can "go a little deeper and have antibacterial properties, as well."
These treatments can be irritating or drying.
Insider was told by her that it is important to adjust your cleansing and moisturizing accordingly. "A dry skin can cause it to produce more oil, which can lead to dry skin and patchy skin. This could result in acne.
If you are tired of blackheads on the nose and want to remove them quickly, see a dermatologist.
While at-home remedies and preventive measures may be effective, it's better to visit a dermatologist to have your blackheads professionally treated.
Sarkar explained to Insider that blackheads can be removed because they are small cysts. This can be done at your dermatologist's office, which is clean and less likely to cause inflammation.
She also said that if you try to remove blackheads yourself, it can cause more inflammation, scarring, and blackheads.
Insider has the original article.