Picture of nose cone of Artemis-i SLS rocket and Orion capsule on launch gantry with moon aboveImage source, Getty Images

Russia, India, and the European Space Agency will be launching missions to the moon.

The Artemis I mission was used to put people back on the moon.

India plans to launch a mission to the moon in June of 2023. India became the first country to reach the moon.

Russia will put a probe on the moon in July of 2023 to collect samples from its southern polar region.

Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa and eight other people are going to travel around the moon. This would be the first mission for the vehicle that can carry 100 people.

Starship at stage separationImage source, SpaceX
Image caption, Starship after separation from rocket

The next moon mission will be launched by the US space agency. It will take people to the moon.

The Artemis III mission is expected to land the first woman and the first person of colour on the moon in the 20th century.

It will be the first time in 45 years that people have walked on the moon. The spaceship will be used for the mission.

China and Russia plan to establish a joint base on the Moon by 2035, but there is no timetable for the project.

Artemis artworkImage source, NASA
Image caption, The US and other space powers want to set up habitable bases on the Moon

The goal of space powers such as the US, Russia and China is to establish bases on the Moon for astronauts to live in.

He says that the moon is being used as a stepping stone to other planets. It's a great place to try out new technologies.

Dr Lucinda King, space project manager at the University of Pompey, says that it takes less fuel to travel to deep space from the Moon.

She says that a fuel source has been found on the moon.

Photograph of the south-west quadrant of the MoonImage source, Getty Images
Image caption, The Moon's southern polar region contains an estimated 600 billion kilograms of water ice

There is water at the south pole of the moon. It could be broken down into hydrogen and oxygen, which could be used to fuel the craft.

There is a rush to stake a claim to the water on the moon.

Artist's impression of the Psyche probe approaching the 16 Psyche asetroidImage source, NASA
Image caption, Artist's impression of Nasa's Psyche probe approaching the 16 Psyche asteroid

The Psyche spaceship will be launched in the summer of 2023 to explore an asteroid called 16 Psyche, which is thought to be the remnant of a planet that existed in the early days of the solar system.

The Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer will be launched by the European Space Agency in April of 2023.

The probe will look for signs of life under the surface of Jupiter's moons.

Esa will no longer use a Russian rocket to put its telescope into space due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. Instead, it will use a rocket from the company.

The launch of the mission to send a rover to Mars has been delayed.

The Xuntian telescope will be put into low Earth orbit to map stars and black holes.

It has landed probes and rovers on the Moon and Mars and put a scientific research station into space.

Artist's impression of the Tiangong space station in orbit.Image source, Getty Images
Image caption, China's Tiangong, or "Heavenly Palace", space station will carry out scientific research

There is a vision emerging in recent years that spans out to Mars and beyond.

He says that China and India have become space powers in the last few years.

If that's what the future looks like, our governments don't want us to be left behind.