Scientists have created a quantum computing experiment for the first time to study the dynamics of wormholes.
Jodie Foster's wild ride in "Contact" and the time-bending plot twists in "Interstellar" are examples of wormholes. The researchers behind the experiment hope that their work will help physicists understand the phenomenon.
Caltech physicist Maria Spiropulu said in a news release that they found a quantum system that is small to implement on quantum hardware. The principal investigator for a federal funded research program is the senior author of the Nature paper.
Don't pack your bags just yet, this simulation is nothing more than a simulation, like a black hole or supernova. Physicists don't see any conditions under which a traversable wormhole could be created Negative energy would have to be created by someone.
Peter said not to make too much of a to-do over the research.
He wrote that the claim that physicists create a wormhole is bullshit and that the campaign to tell the public about it is a disgrace.
The main goal of the research was to shed light on a concept called quantum gravity, which seeks to unify the theories of general relativity and quantum mechanics. The two theories have done a good job of explaining how gravity works but they don't match up with each other
One of the big questions is if wormhole teleportation can follow the principles of quantumentanglement. It involves linking particles or other quantum systems in a way that allows for what Albert Einstein called "spooy action at a distance."
Spiropulu and her colleagues created a computer model that applies the physics of quantumentanglement to the dynamics of wormholes. The program was based on a model called the SYK.
The program had to be done on a computer. With the help of machine learning tools, the chip was able to perform the task.
Spiropulu said that they used machine learning to find and prepare a simple quantum system that could be used in the current quantum architectures. We looked at the model we found on the quantum processor after we simplified the description of the quantum system.
The researchers inserted a quantum bit, or qubit, into one of the entangled systems and watched the information come from the other system. It was as if the qubit traveled through a wormhole.
One of the study's co-authors said that they surprised themselves with the outcome of the study.
When positive energy was applied instead of negative energy, the simulation allowed information to flow from one system to another, but not when negative energy was applied. It matches what theorists would expect from a real world wormhole.
As quantum circuits become more complex, the researchers aim to conduct higher-fidelity simulations of wormhole behavior.
One of the most important questions in fundamental physics is the relationship between quantum entanglement, spacetime, and quantum gravity. We are excited to begin testing these ideas on quantum hardware.
The Nature paper titled "Traversable Wormhole Dynamics on a Quantum Processor" was written by a number of people.