Despite threats from some Republicans, the climate change law will be fully implemented despite the Democrats' strong showing in the elections.

Republicans, who have won a narrow majority in the House of Representatives, are still expected to scrutinize and slow down some elements of Mr. Biden's climate change agenda.

Despite the divided Congress, some lawmakers from both parties hope to advance a narrow bill that would make it easier to build all forms of energy infrastructure.

The results of the elections are related to climate change.

Tax incentives for wind and solar power, electric vehicles, and energy efficient home improvements are included in the Inflation Reduction Act. The president can assure the world that the US will cut up to 40 percent of its emissions by the year 2030. No previous president has done that.

He won't be able to meet his goal of halving emissions by the year 2030. Congress would need to support Mr. Biden for that to happen.

The EPA is expected to put out three major new regulations over the next two years to cut pollution from cars, power plants and oil and gas wells. It remains to be seen whether those rules will survive legal challenges or a future Republican administration, raising the possibility that climate change will once again be a flash point in the presidential campaign.

ImagePresident Biden walks onto a stage, past a large green panel that displays the logo of the United Nations climate summit. The logo says: “COP27, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt 2022.”
President Biden at the COP27 climate summit in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, on Friday.Credit...Doug Mills/The New York Times
President Biden walks onto a stage, past a large green panel that displays the logo of the United Nations climate summit. The logo says: “COP27, Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt 2022.”

One of Mr. Biden's major climate goals, that the United States would deliver $11.4 billion annually to help poor countries rebuild and adapt to the economic damage caused by climate change, will be closed down by the new Republican majority in the House.

The Democrats secured only $1 billion for climate aid even though they wanted $3.1 billion.

That is a blow to the United Nations climate negotiations happening this week in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt, where developing countries are calling for a new global fund to address the consequences of climate change.

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What are we aware of? It seemed as if the conditions were ripe for a red wave in the mid-terms, but in the end Republicans generated no more than a red ripple. The results tell us a lot.

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The United States has not yet delivered what independent organizations estimate is its share of climate funding according to a high-level champion appointed by the UN. The country delivered just 5 percent of what it should have.

Mr. Topping said that all countries had to live up to their commitments. He said that complaining about your politics is disrespectful to other countries. Politics is not easy.

Heading into the next presidential cycle, Republicans intend to use the issue of climate change as a cudgel against Mr. Biden. The heads of the Environmental Protection Agency, the Energy Department, the Interior Department and other agencies are expected to be subpoenaed when the House takes control in January.

They can block the law. It is not possible to say yes. Is it possible to slow down orentangle implementation. The president of the Bipartisan Policy Center said yes.

When her party takes control of the chamber, Representative McMorris Rodgers is expected to hold a hearing to scrutinize the implementation of the inflation reduction act. When the bill was passed in August, she referred to it as "Solyndra on steroids", referring to the solar-panel manufacturer that received $537 million under President Obama's 2009. Despite the failure of Solyndra and a few other clean-energy companies that received money under the Obama-era law, most of its $90 billion in spending went to projects that helped grow the nation's wind and solar capacity.

ImageA woman in a blue jacket sits in a white chair holding a microphone in front of an American flag as someone in the foreground holds up a cellphone to photograph her.
Representative Cathy McMorris Rodgers of Washington is expected to lead the House energy committee and has signaled an intention to scrutinize the Inflation Reduction Act.Credit...Haiyun Jiang/The New York Times
A woman in a blue jacket sits in a white chair holding a microphone in front of an American flag as someone in the foreground holds up a cellphone to photograph her.

Republicans are likely to be on the lookout for investments made under Mr. Biden's new law, even as much of the rest of the law is.

There is a proposed Labor Department rule that would allow investment companies to consider environmental and social considerations in the composition of pension funds, and a forthcoming rule from the Securities and Exchange Commission that would require financial consideration.

Gary Gensler, the chairman of the S.E.C., as well as the executives of BlackRock and State Street are likely to be summoned by Representative James Comer, who is poised to become chairman of the House Oversight Committee.

The hearings have the potential to provide rhetorical fodder for the 2024 campaigns.

The Election Day victories of Democratic governors in states like Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, New York, New Mexico, Maryland and Massachusetts are expected to help ensure that the new climate law's money flows smoothly. Democrats now have control of both chambers of the state legislature in four of the five states. New state-level climate laws could be advanced by these blue trifectas.

There was a big green wave in the states. He pointed to Michigan, where voters re-elected the governor who wants the state to have 60 percent of its electricity come from renewable sources.

The leaders of both parties want to find bipartisan support for legislation that would speed up and streamline the federal permitting process for oil and gas and transmission lines for wind and solar power.

Legislation that would have reformed the permitting process for some energy projects was not pushed by Senator Joe Manchin III, the key swing vote in the climate change bill. Schumer wants to revive the legislation this year or in the new session of Congress next year.

The effort could fail because it is essential to streamline energy permitting in order to build the thousands of miles of new electric power lines needed to carry all the new wind and solar power that will be generated in the wake of the new climate law. The compromise that is needed to win bipartisan support for the bill isn't worth the cost to the climate.