The development of click chemistry and bio-orthogonal chemistry was the subject of the prize.
The committee noted that Dr. Sharpless is the fifth scientist to win the prize twice.
The chair of the committee for chemistry said that this year's prize dealt with "not overcomplicating matters, instead working with what is easy and simple"
He said it was almost like it sounded. It's all about snapping things together. Imagine attaching small buckles to different types of blocks. You could create more complexity and variation by linking the buckles.
There was a problem with finding good chemicalbuckles. They have to respond to each other. They found the first perfect candidates that will easily snap together, and they won't snap with anything else.
The prizes are not known. Each year, six prizes are awarded to individuals and organizations for their contributions to a specific field. Prizes are given for economics, literature, and peace work.
The awards were established. Alfred Noble, the Swedish inventor of explosives, died in 1896 and the prizes were established. The bulk of the fortune was given to the five annual prizes.
The winners receive something. The monetary award for a full prize, which is 10 million Swedish krona, or about $900,000 at the current exchange rate, will be given to a winner in the year 2022.
What happens when the nominations are made? The names of potential candidates are submitted each year by eligible nominators. The deadline to submit nominations was January 31st.
Who decides who wins? The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is in charge of picking the winners of the prizes in physics and chemistry, medicine, and literature.
Isn't there a prize for Economics? It is technically not a prize. The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in memory of Alfred Noble was not included in the will. Since 1969 the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has been selecting the winners of the economics prize.
Click therapy involves doing chemistry inside living patients to make sure drugs get to the right place and not to the wrong place.
She said that the field of click chemistry was still in its infancy and that there were many new reactions to be discovered and invented.
She said that they already have been impacted by click chemistry.
Click chemistry can be used to build new materials and drugs.
Before the award was announced on Wednesday, the committee seemed to hint that the prize could again be given to a woman, with a pair of posts on the social media site.
I'm shocked. The doctor said on the call that he couldn't breathe. I don't think it's real, but it's getting more real by the minute.
The committee said that one of the few scientists to have won two prizes was Pierre Curie. The committee noted that Dr. Sharpless became the fifth member.
This is the third time this week that a prize has been awarded in the sciences. The awards recognize the best in science.
Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan received the prize for their development of a tool that spurred research into new drugs and reduced chemistry's effects on the environment.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences will announce the winner of the literature prize. The winner last year was Abdulrazak Gurnah, who spoke about the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures.
The winner of the peace prize will be announced on Friday. The two journalists who won last year were Maria Ressa and Dmitri A. Muratov.
The Swedish Academy will announce the winner of the economic sciences prize on Monday. The prize went to three people last year.
The prize announcements will be streamed on the internet. The prizes will be presented at a ceremony in December.