The person who made the most important discovery or invention in the field of physics would be the winner of the prize. The prize hasn't been awarded in 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941 and 1942.

The complete list of winners can be found here.

John Clauser, a physicist from the US, and physicists from France and Austria were each awarded the prize for their work in quantum information science.

Three scientists received the prize for their work on climate change. The prize was divided into two parts, one for the physical modeling of Earth's climate, and the other for the discovery of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems.


Three black hole researchers won the physics prize. One half of the award went to Roger Penrose for his discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said that a Canadian-American received half of the prize for his work. The Academy said that the other half of the prize was shared by two people for the discovery of an exoplanet. Both Mayor and Queloz are professors at universities in the United Kingdom and Switzerland.

The trio won the prize for their contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe.

The prize was divided into two parts, one for Arthur Ashkin and the other for Donna and Gérard. The last time a woman was part of the physics prize was 55 years ago. More about the prize and the Laureates.

The 9 million Swedish krona award went to a man. The prize honored the trio's "decisive contributions to the LI GO detector and the observation of gravitational waves" The first detection of the ripples in space time was made by the three scientists. The waves were caused by the collision of two black holes.

Thouless and Haldane received half of the award. There is a weird world where matter can take on strange states. The hunt is on for new and exotic phases of matter thanks to the work of their pioneers. Many people are hoping for future applications in electronics.

neutrinos have mass and opened up a new realm in particle physics, thanks to Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B Mcdonald.

The invention of an energy efficient light source was invented by Isamu Akasaki, Hirohi Amano and Shuji Nakamura.

Peter Higgs of the United Kingdom and Franois Englert of Belgium were two of the scientists who predicted the existence of the atom smasher. Physicists win a prize.

Serge Haroche and David Wineland were honoured for their research.

Saul Perlmutter received one half of the award for the discovery of the expansion of the Universe.

Experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene were conducted in 2010.

The recipients of this year's award are Charles K Kao, for his achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication.

The mechanism of broken symmetry in subatomic physics and the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks were discovered in 2008.

Albert Fert and Peter Grnberg made a discovery.

"For their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation."

John L. Hall and Theodor W. Hnsch were cited for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy.

The discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction was made in 2004.

"For their contribution to the theory of superconductors and superfluids."

Raymond Davis Jr., Masatoshi Koshiba, and Riccardo Giacconi were awarded for their contributions to astrophysics.

The achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms and early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates was achieved by Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E.

The invention of the integrated circuit was invented by Jack S. Kilby.

1999: Martinus J.G. Veltman andGerardus 't Hooft were awarded a prize for their research.

Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Strmer and Daniel C. Tsui were honored for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid.

Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D.Phillips were involved in the development of ways to cool and trap atoms.

The discovery of superfluidity in helium 3 was made by David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson.

The discovery of the tau lepton was made by Martin L Perl.

Brockhouse and Shull were involved in the development of the technique.

The discovery of a new type of pulsar gave rise to new possibilities for the study of gravitation.

The multiwire proportional chamber was invented and developed by Georges Charpak.

The method for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter.

The development of the quark model in particle physics has been important for the work of the three men.

The ion trap technique was developed by Hans G Dehmelt and Wolfgang Paul.

The neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons were used.

The discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials was made by Bednorz and Mller.

The quantized Hall effect was discovered by Klaus Von Klitzing.

The field particles W and Z were discovered by Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer.

Subramanyan Chandrasekhar and William Alfred Fowler were awarded for their studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.

Kenneth G. Wilson was awarded for his theory for critical phenomena.

"For their contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy," were the words of the authors.

There were violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons.

"For their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including the prediction of the weak neutral current."

"For his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low- temperature physics," and Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson, "for their discovery of Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation."

"For their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems."

The discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind was made by Burton and Samuel.

Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish were honoured for their contributions to the field of radio astrophysics.

In 1973, Brian David Josephson was awarded for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier.

The theory of superconductivity was developed by John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, and John Robert.

Dennis Gabor was the inventor of the holographic method.

Louis Eugne Félix Néel, "for fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism."

Murray Gell-Mann was honoured for his contributions and discoveries.

The discovery of a large number of resonance states was made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber.

"For his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions and his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars."

The discovery and development of optical methods for studyinghertzian resonances in atoms was done by Alfred Kastler.

The physicists Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynman were honored for their work.

The construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle was led to by Charles Hard Townes.

Eugene Paul Wigner for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles and Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure.

Lev Davidovich Landau was a pioneer in the field of Condensed Matter and Liquid Hemorrhage.

Robert Hofstadter, for his pioneer studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons, and Rudolf Ludwig Mssbauer, for his research on the resonance absorption of radiation.

The bubble chamber was invented by Donald Arthur Glaser.

The discovery of the antiproton was made by the two men.

The Cherenkov effect was discovered and the interpretation of it was done by the three men.

There were two people in 1957, Chen Ning Yang and Tsung- Dao. The investigation of the so-called parity laws has led to important discoveries.

The discovery of the transistor effect was made by William Bradford Shockley and John Bardeen.

"For his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum" and "for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron" were given to the two men.

"For his research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction, and for his discoveries made therewith."

"For his invention of the phase contrast microscope and his demonstration of the phase contrast method."

For their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries.

"For their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nucleus by artificially accelerated atomic particles."

The development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes was developed by Cecil Frank Powell.

The prediction of the existence of mesons was made by Hideki Yukawa.

The Wilson cloud chamber method was developed by Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett.

The so-called Appleton layer was discovered by Sir Edward Victor Appleton.

"For the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures and for the discoveries he made in the field of high pressure physics."

The Pauli Principle was discovered by Wolfgang Pauli.

"For his method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei."

The discovery of the magnetic moment of the protons was made by Otto Stern.

Prizes were not awarded in 1940- 1942.

For the invention and development of the cyclotron and for the results obtained with it.

For his discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons and for demonstrating the existence of new radioactive elements.

Clinton Joseph Davisson and George Paget Thomson were awarded for their experimental discovery.

The discovery of the positron was made by Carl David Anderson.

The discovery of the neutron was made in 1935.

There was no prize awarded in 1934.

The discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory was made by the two men.

The invention of quantum mechanics led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen.

There was no prize in 1931.

For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.

The wave nature of electrons was discovered by Prince Louis-Victor Pierre deBroglie.

The law named after Owen Willans Richardson was for his work on the thermionic phenomenon.

"For his discovery of the effect named after him" and "for his method of making the paths of charged particles visible by condensation of vapor" were some of the things that were done in 1927.

For his work on the structure of matter and his discovery of equilibrium.

The laws governing the impact of an electron on an atom were discovered in 1925.

"For his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray Spectroscopy."

Robert Millikan was awarded for his work on the photoelectric effect.

"For his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation coming from them" was the citation.

The law of the photoelectric effect was discovered by Albert Einstein.

In recognition of the service he has rendered to precision measurements in physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys, Charles Edouard Guillaume was given a plaque.

The discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays was made by Johannes Stark.

The services he rendered to the advancement of physics by his discovery of energy quanta were recognized.

The Rntgen radiation of the elements was discovered by Charles Barkla.

There was no prize in 1916.

"For their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays."

Max von Laue was awarded for his discovery of the X-rays by crystals.

His investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures led to the production of liquid helium.

The invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoy was invented by the man in 1912.

The laws governing the radiation of heat were discovered by the man.

"For his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids."

Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun were recognized for their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy.

Gabriel Lippmann used the phenomenon of interference to reproduce colors photographically.

Albert AbrahamMichelson was awarded for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations.

The great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases were recognized.

For his work on cathode rays.

Lord Rayleigh was awarded for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases.

"In recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of strontium-90, and in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their research on the radiation phenomena discovered."

The service they rendered by their research into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena was recognized.

In recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him.