The rise of the commercial space industry is one of the most famous features of Space Age 2.0 While the space agencies of the world plan to send astronauts to the Moon, crewed missions to Mars, and robotic missions to every corner of the Solar System, NewSpace companies are offering cost-effective launch services, sending commercial astronauts to space, and commercializing There is a possibility of space tourism, with companies like Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic offering suborbital flights.

Commercial flights to suborbital space are being considered by China, one of the fastest growing nations in space. The first group of commercial passengers on a spaceflight will cost between $287,200 and $430,800, according to senior rocket scientists. This announcement shows China's intent to catch up to companies in the U.S. and other space competitors.

Illustration of the first two types of commercial space travel: flights to the ISS (right) and twin-fuselage configuration designs (left). Credit: CFP

The general director of the Long March 11 rocket project was also the founder of a Beijing-based rocket company. There are three different modes of space light.

  1. The International Space Station (ISS): This consists of launch vehicles sending spacecraft to rendezvous with the ISS. This sets strict requirements on the physical and psychological conditions of the tourists.
  2. Lift and Release: This consists of a cargo aircraft lifting another spacecraft to release altitude and the spacecraft flying to suborbital altitude. Virgin Galactic offers this mode with its White Knight Two aircraft (and other “motherships”) and VSS Unity and Imagine spacecraft.
  3. Rocket Flights: This consists of launch vehicles sending capsules to suborbital altitudes. This is the mode Blue Origin is dedicated to using its New Shephard reusable launch vehicle.

The one that China will focus on will be the most suited for commercial passengers. This will most likely involve using the Long March 3C (CZ 3C) to launch a Shenzou spaceship with a crew of three, based on the illustrations featured by CGTN. Up to seven passengers can be accommodated in China's next- generation crewed spaceship, which is likely to be used for tourism.

Since the turn of the century, the Chinese commercial space sector has matured, but is still a long way behind the curve established by the U.S. counterpart. Increased investment, competition, and technological innovation have led to significant growth in China in the past seven years. Satellite manufacturing, rocket launches, and related services were the focus of more than 300 Chinese enterprises according to an industry report.

The 1.0 era was characterized by basic manufacturing, research, and development. China has entered the "2.0 era" due to applications and market forces. They will reach parity with the U.S. in ten years, according toYang. Application is the key to the development of China's commercial space sector. Common people have access to the sector.

An illustration of suborbital space travel (the third type of commercial spaceflight). Credit: CFP

With the passage of landmark legislation, the Chinese government is interested in becoming part of the growing satellite market. This includes the opening of China's civil aviation infrastructure to capital investment. The priorities for achieving development goals were established in the 14th Five-year plan. The plan called for China to be involved.

“Accelerate the disposition of satellite telecommunications networks and other such novel networks aimed at global coverage, implement the major Beidou industrialization projects, and build application demonstrations and open laboratories. Accelerate the commercial application and integrated innovation of the Beidou system, satellite telecommunications networks, surface and low-altitude sensing, and other such space network infrastructure.”

The price point is meant to compete with U.S. launch services. Virgin Galactic began taking reservations for the first 1,000 customers on February 16th, with tickets going for $450,000 apiece and a $150,000 deposit to hold your spot. The commercial space sector grew to $469 billion by the end of the year. Since 2010, the increase has been 70%.

According to a recent report from Citibank, the industry will reach $1 trillion in annual revenue by the year 2040, with launch costs going down by 95 percent. This growth accounts for the growth of the satellite megaconstellation market as well as for passenger flights to space. China is emerging as a major power in space.

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