It was updated on Jun 24, 2022, 10:39am.

13 states will now be able to outlaw abortion after the Supreme Court overturned the landmark case.

U.S. Supreme Court Releases Opinions

There is a protest outside of the U.S. Supreme Court building.

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South Dakota will be the first state to ban abortion on the same day the Supreme Court rules, as the law states.

Once the state governmentcertifies the ruling, the abortion ban in Arkansas, Missouri, North Dakota, and Utah will be effective.

The AGs of Arkansas and Missouri both said they would sign the certification and issue the opinion that would allow the state to immediately ban abortions.

Mississippi will ban abortions 10 days after the attorney general issues an opinion on the constitutionality of the law, and Wyoming will ban abortions five days after the governor certifies that the law has been overturned.

Trigger bans will be in effect in 30 days.

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Alabama, Arizona, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Michigan all have abortion bans on the books that could be put in place again now that the Supreme Court has ruled in favor of abortion rights. The status of those laws isn't clear. A judge has blocked Michigan's law from being enforced and Wisconsin Attorney General Josh Kaul has said he won't enforce that state's ban, as local prosecutors could still try to enforce The state of Arizona has a 15-week abortion ban, but other Arizona Republicans are against it. Texas has a pre-Roe law that could allow the state to ban abortion sooner than 30 days after a fetal heartbeat is detected.

What We Don’t Know

The Guttmacher Institute projects that 26 states will restrict or outlaw abortion. Georgia, Iowa, Ohio, and South Carolina have six-week abortion bans that are likely to now take effect, though it remains to be seen if the states will go even further now that they are allowed to. The Guttmacher Institute predicts that at least five states will try to impose bans.

What To Watch For

As states prohibit abortion, what will happen? The procedure will be a felony if it is performed, though there are no laws in place that would penalize the person getting the abortion. New York and California have already set up abortion funds or moved forward with policies designed to prepare for a surge in patients because of the bans. As patients who aren't able to go out of state potentially turn to unsafe abortion methods, leading medical organizations warn that banning abortion could cause widespread harms.

Key Background

On Friday, the Supreme Court overturned the landmark 1973 ruling that legalized abortion. The decision marked the end of a years-long effort by Republicans to challenge the landmark 1973 decision, as GOP politicians installed the court's current conservative majority as Republican state lawmakers repeatedly passed abortion restrictions with an eye toward getting the court to reconsider. The case was taken up by the court after Justice Amy ConeyBarrett took the place of the late Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

The Supreme Court overturned a landmark abortion decision.