According to a new study led by researchers at Ohio State University, women are less likely to be recognized for their scientific contributions than men.
The Nature study found that women were less likely than men to be named on patents for their work.
The authors of the study found that males were more likely to be named as an author in scientific articles than females.
Women were less likely than men to receive credit for their work at every level, and in particular, more junior levels: 15 out of 100 women graduate students were named as an author on a document compared to 21 out of 100 men graduate students.
The study found that women were less likely to be cited as authors on high impact articles.
One of the most well-known examples of women not receiving credit for their scientific contributions is the work of a British chemist named Rosalind Franklin. After seeing Franklin's data without her knowledge, Francis Crick and James Watson used it to create their own famous DNA model, which they received a prize for. After Franklin died from ovarian cancer, Crick acknowledged that her contribution was crucial.
According to a Nature study, women are less likely to patent their work than their male counterparts. The cause of those differences is not known. The Nature study suggests that part of the gender gap is due to the fact that women don't get as much credit as men. A survey of more than 2,400 scientists found that women were more likely than men to be excluded as a scientific author and more likely to face discrimination. Future studies could look at how credit is given for scientific work.
There is a person in the history of DNA science who is not well known.