U.S. stocks closed higher Wednesday after the Federal Reserve kept interest rates unchanged as widely expected but dropped the reference to “patient” in its statement to indicate it is ready to make ease monetary policy if needed.
How did the benchmarks fare?
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 38.46 points, 0.2%, to 26,504 while the S&P 500 index added 8.71 points, or 0.3%, to 2,926.46 and the Nasdaq Composite Index gained 33.44 points, or 0.4%, to 7,987.32.
What drove the market?
The Fed said it will “closely monitor” the economy given increasing uncertainty about government policy though it signaled it may not need to lower rates before 2020. The central bank remained mostly optimistic about the economic outlook, but said inflationary pressures have receded, compelling it to lower its forecast for PCE inflation in 2019 to 1.5% from 1.8%, below its 2% target. At the same time, it left its gross domestic product estimate at 2.1%. Meanwhile, the Federal Open Market Committee’s “dot plot” of likely federal funds rate changes shows one rate cut next year and one hike in 2021 but there was a wide range of forecasts around that median.
“The FOMC will closely monitor the implications of incoming information for the economic outlook and will act as appropriate to sustain the expansion,” the Fed said in a statement, removing its recent reference to being “patient.”
Chairman Jerome Powell also reinforced the generally dovish message by stating that the Fed is committed to supporting the economic expansion, indicating that the bank is prepared to cut interest rates if necessary.
See: Recap of Fed decision and Powell press conference
The decision comes as the White House has been pressuring the independent central bank to ease policy. Trump, who has been a constant critic of the Fed, on Tuesday said “let’s see what he does” in response to a question about a report indicating that the White House sought to somehow demote the Fed chairman that Trump himself appointed. Trump has repeatedly called on Powell to cut the central bank’s federal-funds rate.
What were strategists saying?
“My initial thoughts are that the Fed did what the market thought they would do today, and offered to give them what they really want in the near future. That could be as early as July, and that could be as much as 50 basis points,” said Kevin Giddis, head of fixed-income capital markets at Raymond James.
“The long journey for the Fed to catch up [to] where the market has always been is over. They finally realize that they are not going to see inflation, can’t move it higher with their words, and must finally face the music that they mistakenly assumed that traditional policy moves would work in today’s economy,” he said.
“I view it as an incrementally more dovish posture today than before,” said Mike Loewengart, vice president of investment strategy at E-Trade Financial. “Investors would be well served to recognize that a rate cut is not a foregone conclusion, especially given the Fed has limited ammunition in its traditional tools of monetary policy, most notably the federal-funds rates.”
Which stocks were in focus?
Shares of CBS Corp. rose 1.1% after The Wall Street Journal reported that the media giant is preparing an offer to buy Viacom Inc. Shares of Viacom were up 2.7%.
Harley-Davison Inc.’s stock slid 0.2% higher after the motorbike maker said it was teaming up with a manufacturer in China to make its smallest bike in decades.
TripAdvisor Inc. shares were up 1.9% after SunTrust Robinson Humphrey analyst Naved Khan upgraded the stock to buy from hold.
U.S. Steel Corp. shares climbed 4.1% after the company said it would cut production by idling two blast furnaces in response to falling demand for steel from a weakening manufacturing sector related to trade clashes.
Barnes & Noble Inc. shares fell 0.6% after the book retailer reported a fiscal fourth-quarter net loss of $18.7 million, or 26 cents per share, after a loss of $21.1 million, or 29 cents per share last year.
Shares of Southwest Airlines Co. slid 0.4% after the air carrier raised its second-quarter unit revenue guidance while extending the length of time it expects its 737 Max 8 aircraft will be grounded.
How were other assets trading?
Before the U.S. markets opened Wednesday, Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index rose 2.6% and China’s Shanghai Composite Index gained 1%. Japan’s Nikkei 225 jumped 1.7%, while in Europe, the Stoxx Europe 600 traded flat a day after European Central Bank Mario Draghi said that some stimulus for the eurozone economy may be merited to combat sluggish inflation and trade-war effects.
West Texas Intermediate crude futures bounced back from earlier weakness to rise while gold futures settled lower after finishing Tuesday at a 14-month high.
In the debt market, the 10-year Treasury note yield fell to 2.03%.
The U.S. dollar retreated, with the ICE U.S. Dollar index falling 0.4%. Reports that the White House could impose sanctions on Turkey to punish the country from purchasing a missile-defense system from Russia has sent the lira sliding against the U.S. dollar.
Read: ‘Currency war’ fears rise as Trump slams Draghi’s hint at more ECB stimulus